Finance

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09
Jan

What is Finance?

Finance is defined as the management of money and includes activities like investing, borrowing, lending, budgeting, saving, and forecasting. There are three main types of finance: (1)  personal, (2)  corporate , and (3) public /government. This guide will unpack the question: what is finance?

 

 

What is Finance? - Finance DefinitionFinance Examples

The easiest way to define finance is by providing examples of the activities it includes. There are many different career paths and jobs that perform a wide range of finance activities. Below is a list of the most common examples.

Finance examples:

  • Investing personal money in stocks , bonds, or guaranteed investment certificates (GICs)
  • Borrowing money from institutional investors by issuing bonds on behalf of a public company.
  • Lending money to people by providing them a mortgage to buy a house with
  • Using Excel  spreadsheets to build a budget and financial model  for a corporation
  • Saving personal money in a high-interest savings account
  • Developing a forecast  for government spending and revenue collection

Finance Topics

There is a wide range of topics people in the financial industry are concerned with. Below is a list of some of the most common topics you should expect to encounter in the industry.

Finance topics:

  • Interest rates and spreads
  • Yield (coupon payments, dividends)
  • Financial statements (balance sheet, income statements, cash flow statement)
  •  Cash flow (free cash flow, other types of cash flow)
  • Profit (net income)
  • Cost of capital
  • Rates of return
  •  Dividends and return of capital
  • Shareholders
  •  Creating value
  • Risk and return
  •  Behavioral finance

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